POETRY
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INDEX
About this book
About Windows Workshops
About the workshop games

SIMPLE STARTS
Amazing PushPoem Machine
Shoveha'penny
Springboard
Pete's Powerful Poetry Pipes
Fishing for Words
Tom Phillips Game
Maze
The Bomb
Presents
What's in the box?
The Great Escape
Expanding Words
Hear here!
Going Round in Circles
Open the door!
Anagrams and Acrostics
Shaping Up

BASIC CRAFT
Rhymeboard
Pocket Rocket Primary Rhymer
Rhyme Forms
Rhyme Forms2
Nursery Rhymes
Limericker
Aboard the Pentameter
Wet, Wet, Wet
Supersonnet
Cooking up a Pantoum
Time to Twist the tongue: Alliteration
What is it, like?: Metaphor
As...as: Simile
Comic Strip: Onomatopoeia

DIALOGUE
How Do you see yourself?
What do you think you're doing?
Where we're at
Who do you think you are?
Voices
City of Poems
Windows on the Mersey
Postcards
Pavement
Birds
World Game

INVENTIONS
Elementary poetry
Phantastic Phonetic Phactory
Boom
Yellow and Purple Prose
Dr. Squint's Colour Co-ordinator
Sensational poetry
A Sense of place

A poem is a fertile egg
Amazing Animals
Word spotter
Encounters
Pirates
Dinosaurs
The World Game-again
Horror
Circus of Calamities
Gardens
Windows in Space
Spells
The Art Game
New nursery rhymes
Other

NOTES
Notes for Playworkers
Notes for Teachers
Notes on being helpful


Help - Rhyme forms

Terza rima stanza
Three line stanza, commonly iambic pentameter.
Often schemed aba bcb cdc ded ee

Ballad stanza
Four line stanza, usually iambic
Commonly first and third have 4 feet, second and fourth have three.

Rubai Four line stanza, iambic pentameter
aaba - cf Rubaiyat

Sapphic
Four line stanza, unrhymed, three lines of two trochaic feet, one dactylic, two trachaic; fourth line of one dactyl and one trochee.

Rhyme Royal
Seven line stanza, commonly iambic pentameter
ababbcc

Ottava Rima
Eight line stanza, commonly iambic pentameter
abababcc

Sicilian octave
Eight line stanza
ababababab

Spenserian stanza
Nine line stanza, first eight in iambic pentameter, last an alexandrine (iambic hexameter).
ababbcbcc

Sonnet
Fourteen lines, considered as one stanza, though possibly eight lines and six, or two quatrains and two tercets, or four quatrains and a couplet.., iambic pentameter.
abba abba cde cde ; abba abba cdcdcd ; abab cdcd efef gg ; abab bcbc cdcd ee

Ballade
Seven, eight, ten or eleven lines, last line repeated in each stanza
Seven line stanza (ballade royal) - four stanzas - either in iambic tetrameter or pentameter, ababbcC
Eight line stanza - three stanzas and envoi - commonly eight syllables to the line, ababbcbC, envoi bcbC
Ten line stanza - three stanzas and envoi - commonly ten syllables to the line, ababbccdcD, envoi ccdccD
Eleven line stanza (Chant Royal)- five stanzas and envoi - often pentameter, ababccddedE, envoi ccddedE

Ode
Pindaric: succession of groups of a pattern of three stanzas, of any sort.
Horatian: succession of single stanzas following the pattern of the first.

Triolet
Eight line poem, short lines - four to six syllables, often mixwd metre.
Repeated lines: ABaAabAB
Rondel
Ten or fourteen lines, split different ways as quatrains or triplets, commonly eight syllables, only two rhymes.
Repeated lines: ABba abAB abb aAB ; Abb abA abbA

Rondeau
Ten or fifteen line poems, of two or three stanzas respectively, with a short refrain
abbaabR abbaR : aabba aabR aabbaR

Roundel
Eleven line poem, three three line stanzas with refrain, often iambic pentameter First part of the first line becomes the refrain.
abaB bab abaB ; abaR bab abaR

Villanelle
Any number of triplets, often five and a closing quatrain. iambic tetrameter.
Lines in the first stanza become the refrains. Each refrain line must repeat the same number of times
For example A1bA2 abA1 abA2 abA1 abA2 abA1A2

Pantoum
Poem of any length, of interlinked quatrains, usually abab.
The second and fourth lines of each stanza become the first and second of the next stanza, finally the first and third lines of the first stanza become the fourth and second lines of the final stanza

Sestina
An unrhymed poem of six stanzas each of six lines followed by a three line envoi.
The end word of each line in the first stanza is repeated in different order as the end word of each line in the following stanzas and within the envoi.

Haiku
Three line poem. Seventeen syllables. No rhyme or metre.
Line length in syllables: five, seven, five.

Tanka
Five line poem. Thirty one syllables. No rhyme or metre.
Line length in syllables: five, seven, five, seven, seven.

Cinquain
Five line poem or stanza. Twenty two syllables. Iambic metre but not necessarily rhymed.
Line length in syllables - two, four, six, eight, two

Limerick
Five line poem or verse, of unique rhythm (iambs and anapests).
First two and final lines of eight to ten syllables, third and fourth of five or six.
aabba.

Clerihew
Four short lines of uneven length, in two couplets. Normally a pithy biography of the person whose name provides the first line

See also Poetry terms
and Rhyming dictionary